ErwinJr2 is a cross-platform software with a combination of:

  1. a C library for solving 1D quantum problem and the related thermal and electrical problems;

  2. a Python interface for the C library;

  3. a set of Python modules for loading, saving, organizing, solving quantum eigen-states in semiconductor quantum wells or super lattices, and calculating relevant physics parameters for these states, especially for quantum cascade laser (QCL) design purposes;

  4. a GUI front-end interface for the above Python modules.

The C library is based on ANSI C and is tested using GCC (under Linux and MacOS) and Visual Studio (on Windows). It also has optional OpenMP support for parallel computing if the environment supports.

The C library Python interface is based on ctypes in standard Python library and numpy. The Python module for simulation adds scipy.constants requirement for scientific constants, and uses json for saving and loading super-lattices (or quantum wells) information.

The GUI interface is based on PyQt5 and matplotlib.

About QCL

Quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) are semiconductor lasers that emit light through inter-subband transitions. These lasers consist of periodic series of thin layers of various semiconductor materials which creates a one-dimensional multiple-quantum-well confinement. Compare to conventional semiconductor lasers which use single material, QCLs have the advantage of both a higher output efficiency due to possible quantum cascades across different quantum wells, and an improved flexibility in tuning the frequencies.

Models and Formulas

The physics model and formulas used in the software are discussed in Physics Model and Formulas


List references and validations